An Iconic Acquisition with a Secret

Jacobite snuff box acquired by West Highland Museum in 2019 with an NFA grant of £3,450.

We were delighted to have the opportunity to purchase a rare hidden portrait Jacobite snuff box at the Lyon and Turnbull auction in Edinburgh in August 2019 at a cost of £9,750.


Circular snuff box with enamel tartan decoration

The circular box with enamel tartan decoration has a hinged cover which opens to reveal a plain interior. Inside, however, a hidden lid opens to reveal a finely enamelled portrait of Prince Charles Edward Stuart in tartan jacket and Jacobite white cockade. He wears the highest chivalric honours of England and Scotland, the Orders of the Garter and the Thistle, signifying the owner’s support for the legitimacy of the Stuart claim to the British throne. The portrait is a variant of the famous Robert Strange example which likely dates this piece to circa 1750.


Snuff box showing hidden lid


Snuff box with enamelled portrait of Prince Charles Edward Stuart

Hidden portrait snuff boxes such as this are amongst the most iconic Jacobite works of art. A Jacobite host could give his friends a pinch of snuff and, depending on the company, could reveal the hidden portrait. This example is in particularly good condition and finely enamelled. The West Highland Museum has been actively seeking Jacobite material since its inception in 1922 and its collections are based on material donated for the 1925 Prince Charles Edward Stuart Exhibition. The collection contains many unique and unusual objects, such as the Secret Portrait of Bonnie Prince Charlie, his death mask, paintings, drawings, miniatures, Jacobite glass, weapons and an important Jacobite archive. This valuable addition to the collection is now on permanent display.

We would not have been able to acquire this fine object without the financial support of the National Fund for Acquisitions, the Art Fund and a very generous local donor. We are most grateful to everyone who has contributed to make this purchase possible.

Vanessa Martin
West Highland Museum


Captain Edward Hawkins Cheney – A Hero of Waterloo

Waterloo Medal and snuff box of Captain Edward Hawkins Cheney, acquired by the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Museum in 2018 with an NFA grant of £10,000.

Captain Cheney was pivotal to the leadership of the 2nd Dragoons during the charge of the Scots Greys at the Battle of Waterloo. On the battlefield, Napoleon I famously referred to the charge of the Scots Greys as ces terribles chevaux gris (those terrible grey horses). The charge of the Union Brigade, including the Scots Greys, decimated the French Infantry and led to the capture of two French Eagles before forward momentum took the Greys as far as the French artillery; by that time, however, most of the Greys’ horses were ‘blown’ and the Regiment suffered serious casualties from counter-attacking French lancers.


Waterloo medal awarded to Captain and Brevet Major Edward Hawkins Cheney, 2nd Royal North British Horse (Scots Greys)

The charge of the Scots Greys was later immortalised in two Victorian paintings: Richard Ansdell’s Fight for the Standard (1841) and Lady Butler’s Scotland Forever (1881). The film Waterloo (1970) also helped cement the Scots Greys’ place in Scottish popular historical identity.

Edward Hawkins Cheney was born in Derbyshire in 1776 and joined the 2nd Dragoons as a cornet in September 1794. By 1803 Cheney had been promoted to captain and in 1812 was a brevet-major. In 1811 Cheney married Elizabeth Ayre of Gaddesby, Leicestershire.

Box 1

Agate and white metal table snuff box engraved with Captain Cheney’s initials and the Cheney family crest

At the Battle of Waterloo, on 18th June 1815, Cheney commanded the Regiment after the commanding officer was killed and the two majors seriously wounded. Cheney was in executive command for the last three hours of the battle, having four horses killed under him and a fifth wounded.

The importance of Cheney’s role in the battle was recognised almost immediately afterwards when he was given the brevet rank of lieutenant-colonel (although at the time he was still only a captain in the Regiment) and made a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) on the personal recommendation of the Duke of Wellington. It is therefore evident that both the Prince Regent and the British military authorities held Cheney in high regard.

Cheney’s medal, as that of the senior surviving officer present throughout the battle, must rank as next in importance to the Waterloo Medal of Sergeant Charles Ewart (who captured the French Eagle and standard), which is now in the collection of the National War Museum. The Eagle and Standard of the 45th French Regiment of the Line are on permanent display in the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Museum in Edinburgh Castle.


Sculpture by Joseph Gott depicting Captain Cheney astride a wounded horse at the Battle of Waterloo, part of a monument erected to his memory in St Luke’s Parish Church, Gaddesby, Leicestershire

Cheney spent his entire active service career with the 2nd Dragoons until retiring to half-pay in 1818. Following his death in 1848, a large and impressive monument to his memory was erected in the parish church of St Luke in Gaddesby, Leicestershire, where Cheney and his wife lived. It is said to be the only equestrian monument in a British parish church.


Edwin Rutherford
Royal Scots Dragoon Guards Museum